Average intakes in the UK: - Men 84mmol/day -Women 66mmol/day
Restriction often required in renal patients for prevention and management of hyperkalaemia. Level of restriction based on treatment mode, dietary intake and biochemistry.
- Aim approx 1mmol per kg/IBW (e.g. 5ft 8in male ~68mmol)
- Often no restriction required in peritoneal dialysis
- MUST RULE OUT NON-DIETARY CAUSES - Acidosis, ACE inhibitors, NSAID, K+ supplements, K+ sparing diuretics, salt substitute, uncontrolled diabetes
High Potassium Foods (more info on high potassium foods)
- Potatoes and green vegetables (boiling reduces K+ content) , Potato crisps (Maize/corn better)
- Fruit (limit all fruit, fruit juice, dried fruit) and nuts
- Salt substitutes
- AND unfortunately: milk chocolate, coffee, toffee, liquorice, wine, beer, cider. But spirits are low in K+.