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Educational resources for renal medicine

Licensed under a Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Average intakes in the UK: - Men 84mmol/day -Women 66mmol/day

Restriction often required in renal patients for prevention and management of hyperkalaemia. Level of restriction based on treatment mode, dietary intake and biochemistry.

  • Aim approx 1mmol per kg/IBW (e.g. 5ft 8in male ~68mmol)
  • Often no restriction required in peritoneal dialysis
  • MUST RULE OUT NON-DIETARY CAUSES - Acidosis, ACE inhibitors, NSAID, K+ supplements, K+ sparing diuretics, salt substitute, uncontrolled diabetes

High Potassium Foods (more info on high potassium foods)

  • Milk
  • Potatoes and green vegetables (boiling reduces K+ content) , Potato crisps (Maize/corn better)
  • Fruit (limit all fruit, fruit juice, dried fruit) and nuts
  • Salt substitutes
  • AND unfortunately: milk chocolate, coffee, toffee, liquorice, wine, beer, cider. But spirits are low in K+.
Page last modified 19.03.2009, 21:24 by Administrator. edrep and edren are produced by the Renal Unit at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and Univ. Edinburgh. CAUTIONS and Contact us. Note that the information published here is primarily intended for education, not for clinical care.